Radio Free Asia, 20 September 2017
By Shohret Hoshur – A Chinese court in the country’s northwestern Xinjiang region has jailed a young Uyghur woman for 10 years over claims by a friend that she had promoted the wearing of headscarves, a form of Islamic dress increasingly restricted by Chinese authorities, sources say.
Horigul Nasir had been working as an au pair in Xinjiang’s Kashgar city, the woman’s brother Yusupjan Nasir told RFA’s Uyghur Service.
“One of her friends had been arrested and was being interrogated by the police, and when she was told to tell them everything she knew, she said that my sister had once told her that not wearing a headscarf was sinful,” Yusupjan said.
Yusupjan, a security worker in Yengisar county’s Saghan village, said his sister’s friend may have been terrified and made up the story in order to save herself from further questioning.
“In reality, my sister doesn’t wear a headscarf, nor does she pray five times a day,” a practice required of devout and observant Muslims, Yusupjan said.
Horigul’s family was not permitted to attend her trial, Yusupjan said, adding that the secretary of their district later visited the home to read out the verdict to Horigul’s mother.
“She collapsed on hearing the news. It took her a long time to recover from the shock. At home, we never talk about my sister.”
Fear and threats
Another Yengisar county resident, Abduwasip Omer, was also recently handed a 10-year prison term, just two years after being released from another 10-year term, the man’s brother told RFA.
“We don’t know the reason for his arrest this time, and we didn’t dare ask,” Abdukerim Omer, the jailed man’s brother, said. “No words can describe the fear and threats we have been forced to endure.”
“A group of officials from the county court visited our home to read the court’s verdict to us, but we lacked the courage to speak out and ask why he had been punished so harshly. My sister, Heynisa Omer, was arrested a month ago for asking where our brother was.”
“She has been held in a re-education camp ever since, and we don’t know what will happen to her,” he said.
Arrests have recently been on the rise in Kashgar’s Yengisar county, with many of those arrested “on petty charges” quickly sentenced to terms ranging from 10 to 15 years, sources in the region told RFA’s Uyghur Service.
Common reasons for arrest include holding “extremist religious views, determined by what suspects have said or how they are dressed,” a police officer in Topuluk village’s District No. 4 said.
“Other reasons for arrest include using mobile phones to access religious information, listening to illegal teachings, or failing to report the illegal behavior of others to the authorities,” the officer said, adding that parents who fail to educate their family members “according to government policy” are also subject to arrest.
Topuluk village alone contains six districts, Ablajan Nurmemet, another police officer assigned to the village, said.
“I don’t remember exact numbers, but I can tell you that at least 250 people have been arrested in each district, with 450 being the largest number in any one of them. Overall, the total number this year alone has exceeded 2,000.”
“If we add the numbers from last year and the year before, the total would be more than 3,000,” he said, adding, “There are five re-education camps located in the county where those who have been arrested are placed until they are sentenced.”
China’s ruling Communist Party blames Uyghurs for a string of violent attacks and clashes in China in recent years, but critics say the government has exaggerated the threat from the ethnic group, and that repressive domestic policies are responsible for violence that has left hundreds dead since 2009.
China regularly conducts “strike hard” campaigns in Xinjiang, including police raids on Uyghur households, restrictions on Islamic practices, and curbs on the culture and language of the Uyghur people, including videos and other material.
Reported by Shohret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by the Uyghur Service. Written in English by Richard Finney.
Radio Free Asia, Uyghur Woman Handed 10-Year Prison Term Over Headscarf Claim, 19 September 2017. Available at: https://www.cecc.gov/sites/chinacommission.house.gov/files/documents/CECC%20Pris%20List_20171105_1414.pdf
US Congressionnal-Executive Commission on China, Political Prisoner Database, 5 November 2017. Available at: https://www.cecc.gov/sites/chinacommission.house.gov/files/documents/CECC%20Pris%20List_20171105_1414.pdf
Human Rights Without Borders, Sunnis, March 2018. Available at: https://hrwf.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2017-Sunnis.pdf
[last updated: October 2019]