Rubio, Menendez Applaud Senate Passage of the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act
Marco Rubio, U.S. Senator, 11 September 2019
By Marco Rubio – U.S. Senators Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Bob Menendez (D-NJ) today applauded the Senate’s passage of their bipartisan Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act (S.178). The bill is an important step in countering the totalitarian Chinese government’s widespread and horrific human rights abuses in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, including the mass internment of over one million Uyghurs and other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities, as well as Beijing’s intimidation and threats against U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents (LPRs) on American soil.
“It’s long overdue for the United States to hold Chinese government and Communist Party officials accountable for the systemic and egregious human rights abuses and probable crimes against humanity in Xinjiang, including the internment in ‘political re-education’ camps of more than one million Uyghurs and Muslim minorities,” Rubio said. “I urge the House to swiftly pass this legislation and send it to the President’s desk.”
“I am pleased that the Senate has taken action today to pass this important piece of legislation,” Menendez said. “This legislation makes clear that Congress will not turn a blind eye as millions of Uyghur Muslims are unjustly imprisoned, subjected to a mass surveillance state, and forced into labor camps by an autocratic regime. And while the Trump Administration has not seen fit to make the tragic situation in Xinjiang a priority, I am happy to see Congress is taking the necessary steps to hold accountable officials in the Chinese government and Communist Party responsible for gross violations of human rights and possible crimes against humanity.”
Key elements of the legislation include:
- A report by the Director of National Intelligence, in coordination with the State Department, regarding the regional security threat posed by the crackdown and the frequency with which Central Asian countries are forcibly returning Turkic Muslim refugees and asylum seekers. The report will also include a list of Chinese companies involved in the construction and operation of the camps.
- An FBI report on efforts to provide information to and protect U.S. citizens and LPRs (including Uyghurs) from Chinese government harassment and intimidation on American soil.
- The establishment of a new “double-hatted” position at the State Department (Special Coordinator for Xinjiang) while the crisis persists.
- A report by the CEO of the U.S. Agency for Global Media regarding efforts to intimidate Radio Free Asia (RFA) employees, the status and reach of U.S. broadcasting to Xinjiang, and analysis of disinformation propaganda by the PRC targeting Uyghur communities globally.
- A report by the Director of National Intelligence, in coordination with the State Department, regarding the regional security threat posed by the crackdown on Uyghurs and the transfer and development of technology facilitating surveillance and mass internment. The report will also include a list of Chinese companies involved in the construction and operation of the camps.
The legislation also urges high-level U.S. engagement on this issue, the application of Global Magnitsky and related sanctions, the full implementation of the Frank R. Wolf International Religious Freedom Act, a review of Commerce Department export controls and end user restrictions and the establishment of a voluntary database whereby U.S. citizens and LPRs can provide information regarding missing/detained family members with a view toward pressing for accountability.
The bill’s original co-sponsors include Senators Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Chris Coons (D-DE), John Cornyn (R-TX), Tom Cotton (R-AR), Steve Daines (R-MT), Cory Gardner (R-CO), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Chuck Grassley (R-IA), Tim Kaine (D-VA), Angus King (I-ME), Ed Markey (D-MA), Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Jerry Moran (R-KS), Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), and Ron Wyden (D-OR). Additional co-sponsors include Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ), Mike Braun (R-IN), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Shelley Capito (R-WV), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Bob Casey (D-PA), Susan Collins (R-ME), Dick Durbin (D-IL), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Kamala Harris (D-CA), Josh Hawley (R-MO), Jim Inhofe (R-OK), Johnny Isakson (R-GA), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), James Lankford (R-OK), Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Chris Murphy (D-CT), Patty Murray (D-WA), Gary Peters (D-MI), Jack Reed (D-RI), Mike Rounds (R-SD), Bernard Sanders (I-VT), Ben Sasse (R-NE), Thom Tillis (R-NC), Pat Toomey (R-PA), Mark Warner (D-VA), and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI).
U.S. Representatives Chris Smith (R-NJ) and Tom Suozzi (D-NY) introduced companion legislation in the House.