The WUC participated in the evaluation of China´s implementation of recommendations accepted during the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodical Review (UPR) process. According to WUC’s assessment, China has so far not implemented any of the recommendations.
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a process established by the United Nations Human Rights Council wherein states, UN agencies, and civil society can come together and comment on a wide range of human rights issues and provide recommendations to the ‘State under Review’ (SuR).
The SuR then has the option to accept or reject recommendations, but accepting means that the SuR must seriously consider and work to implement said recommendations.
The first UPR cycle, during which every UN member state underwent review, took place between 2008 and 2012. China’s UPR took place on 9 February 2009. The WUC and the Uyghur American Association (UAA) submitted a joint report to China’s UPR. A summary of stakeholders’ information submitted during China’s review is available here.
The second UPR cycle is now underway, and will represent the first opportunity to formally follow-up on the recommendations accepted by States during the first cycle. China will be again under review during the 17th session, to take place in 2013.
It is truly my honor to participate and speak in this Forum. Uyghur women in East Turkestan, a region that the Chinese government renamed as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, are facing a number of challenges that undermine their individual and collective human rights.
In the wake of the July 2009 massacre of peaceful Uyghur protesters in the regional capital of Urumchi, a group of Uyghur women gathered on the streets of Urumchi on July 7, 2009 to ask Chinese security forces what had happened to their husbands, fathers and brothers, who had been arrested en masse in indiscriminate security sweeps of Uyghur neighborhoods. Without the actions of these women, the international community may not have known about the mass detentions and forcible disappearances that were taking place in the city, since the Chinese government had used intimidation, detention and even beatings in an attempt to manage the actions of foreign reporters who had come to Urumchi. Many of those women simply disappeared after the July 7 protest.
The 18th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC,12-30 September 2011) concluded today in Geneva, Switzerland. The World Uyghur Congress (WUC) conveys its deepest gratitude to all stakeholders that raised and discussed the Uyghurs´ plight at the HRC session.
Statements made on item 2: Annual report of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the UN Secretary-General
On 12 September, the Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l’amitié entre les peuples (MRAP) expressed its preoccupation on a new Strike Hard Campaign implemented in East Turkestan: “Egalement très préoccupant est le sort du peuple Uyghur, de religion musulmane, dans la région du Xinjian. L’annonce des autorités de la République populaire de Chine d’une nouvelle campagne dénommée « frapper fort » censée s’attaquer à des éléments terroristes fait craindre une nouvelle vague d’arrestations, disparitions forcées et exactions diverses tendant à marginaliser la population Uyghur sur ses propres terres. Nous apprécierions que vous portiez votre attention sur cette question.”
The Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty (NRPTT), in collaboration with the World Uyghur Congress (WUC), submitted a written statement entitled “New wave of human rights violations against the Uyghur people” (A/HRC/18/NGO/74) to the 18th session of the UN Human Rights Council under item 4 (“Human Rights situations that require the attention of the Council”).
In the statement, the NRPTT expresses its conerns over theincidents in Hotan and Kashgar in July 2011, as well as on a new “Strike Hard” campaign implemented by the Chinese authorities in East Turkestan in August 2011.
The NRPTT also dennounces the extraditions of at least 18 Uyghur refugees
from countries surrounding China in 2011.
From 30 May to 17 June, the 17th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) took place in Geneva, Switzerland. The World Uyghur Congress (WUC) would like to thank the country delegations, the UN mandate Holders / Special Procedures, and the non-governmental organizations in consultative status to the UN that raised and discussed the Uyghurs´ plight at the HRC session, as well as the stakeholders that raised general human rights abuses in China.
Statements made under Item 2 (Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and report of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General)
During the general debate on item 2, the Society for Threatened Peoples denounced the enforced disappearances of Chinese, Mongolians, Tibetans and Uyghurs when they exercise their right to freedom of expression and opinion”.
In 15 June 2011, Jana Brandt, on behalf of the Nonviolent Radical Party (NRP), delivered a statement on item 4 (“Human rights situations that require the attention of the Council”) at the 17th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), Geneva. In the statement, the NRP drew the Council´s attention to the upcoming 2nd anniversary of the 5 July 2009 events in Urumqi, East Turkestan, China.
Video of the intervention:
On 5 July 2009, Uyghurs in Urumqi staged a peaceful protest which was brutally suppressed by Chinese security forces and subsequently led to ethnic unrest in the city that left hundreds of people dead.
On 6 June 2011, WUC Project Coordinator Jana Brandt delivered a statement on behalf of the Society for Threatened Peoples (www.gfbv.org) during the general debate on item 3 at the 17th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, speaking about the ongoing violation of Uyghur´s freedom of expression as well as the recent extradition of the Uyghur refugee Ershidin Israel from Kazakhstan to China .
Video of the intervention:
Following the full statement:
“The Society for Threatened Peoples (STP) welcomes the report (A/HRC/17/27 and A/HRC/17/27/Add.1) of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Mr. Frank La Rue, in which he recognizes the criminalization of legitimate expression through the imprisonment of bloggers around the world. He highlights the situation in China with at least 72 imprisoned blogger at the end of 2010 and one of the world´s most sophisticated and extensive systems for controlling information on the Internet.
The Nonviolent Radical Party Transnational and Transparty (NRPTT), in collaboration with the World Uyghur Congress (WUC), submitted a written statement entitled “Second anniversary of the 5 July 2009 events in Urumqi, regional capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), People’s Republic of China: Two years of impunity” (A/HRC/17/NGO/13) to the 17th session of the UN Human Rights Council under item 4 (“Human Rights situations that require the attention of the Council”).
In the statement, the NRPTT expressed its deep concerns that nearly two years after the tragic 5 July 2009 events of Urumqi, the regional capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), China, no independent investigation into the events had been allowed by the Chinese authorities and that the crackdown on Uyghur culture, identity, freedom of expression, and religion, as well as the economic discrimination of the Uyghurs continue.