Les militants ouïghours des Droits de l’Homme organisent une manifestation avec les militants tibétains, du Falungong et les dissidents chinois pendant la visite en France du Président chinois Hu Jintao

A diffuser immédiatement
3 novembre 2010
Contactez: Congrès Mondial Ouïghour www.uyghurcongress.org

Le 4 novembre 2010 à 15h, lors de la visite à Paris du Président chinois Hu Jintao, l’Association des Ouïghours de France rejoint les militants tibétains, du Falungong et les dissidents chinois pour protester contre la violation flagrante et incessante des Droits de l’Homme exercée par le gouvernement chinois. Les manifestants marcheront pacifiquement depuis le Parvis des Droits de l’Homme au Trocadéro jusqu’à l’Ambassade de Chine à Paris. La marche est organisée par l’Association de la Communauté Tibétaine de France et ses Amis.
(Voir http://www.tibetan.fr/?Paris-Une-manifestation-nationale)

Le Congrès Mondial Ouïghour (WUC) demande au Président français Nicolas Sarkozy et les ministres de son gouvernement d’exprimer la préoccupation de la France sur la persécution et répression du gouvernement chinois contre les Ouïghours et autres peuples. WUC est basée en Allemagne et est une organisation faîtière des Droits de l’Homme pour les Ouïghours à travers le monde.

La visite du président Hu Jintao en France est une bonne occasion pour le président Sarkozy et le gouvernement français afin de démontrer leur attachement aux droits de l’homme et à la dignité humaine et  la préoccupation de la France au président Hu sur le traitement brutal et répressif du gouvernement chinois contre l’ ouïghour et les autres peuples », dit la présidente du WUC, l’ancienne prisonnière de l’opinion, nominée plusieurs fois au Prix Nobel de la paix.

Depuis de nombreuses années, le gouvernement chinois a mené une campagne intense et souvent brutale pour sévir les dissidents ouïghours, réprimer toute activité religieuse pacifique et toute expression indépendante liée à la question ethnique et diluer la culture et l’identité ouïghoure, et menacer la survie de la langue ouïghoure. [1] Les autorités ont systématiquement assimilé les activités politiques pacifiques, religieuses et culturelles des Ouïghours avec les” trois maux “- le terrorisme, le séparatisme et l’extrémisme religieux – et ont démontré leur persécution des Ouïghours par leurs efforts visant à réprimer ces “trois maux”. [2] Les autorités ont également marginalisé économiquement les Ouïghours du Turkestan oriental par la discrimination raciale intense et flagrante à l’emploi. [3]

Le 5 Juillet 2009, les Ouïghours ont organisé une manifestation pacifique à Urumchi (la capitale régionale) contre les violations des Droits de l’Homme. [4] Les forces de l’ordre chinoises se sont déplacées immédiatement et ont brutalement et impitoyablement réprimé la manifestation. [5] Selon des témoins interrogés par Amnesty international, les forces de sécurité ont tiré sur les manifestants et les ont tués extrajudiciairement. [6] Des témoins ont également déclaré à Amnesty International que les forces de l’ordre ont battu à coups de pied les manifestants. [7] Ils ont également utilisé des matraques paralysantes [8] et des gaz lacrymogènes [9] sur les manifestants. Les organisations ouïghoures des Droits de l’Homme et les médias étrangers ont reçu des témoignages similaires sur la tuerie extrajudiciaire des forces de l’ordre et sur d’autres types de force brutale et excessive contre les manifestants. [10]

Les troubles ethniques et violences ont suivi pour constituer l’un des écrasements les plus féroces et répressifs des Ouïghours de l’Histoire.
Les violations des Droits de l’Homme que les autorités chinoises ont perpétrées contre les Ouïghours à la suite de et en liaison avec les incidents de Juillet 2009 ont inclu, mais n’ont pas été limitées aux disparitions et aux détentions arbitraires et forcées des Ouïghours, dont des mineurs [12]; avant condamnations à mort arbitraires des Ouïghours et autres peines sévères après jugement avec politisation et étranglements des procès [13], exécutions arbitraires [14], et accroissement des restrictions sur la liberté de parole et d’expression, y compris poursuites et condamnation du personnel des sites ouïghours. [15]

Les Sources :

[1] See eg., U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009”  (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, pp. 243-269 (citing sources); U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom “Annual Report 2009” (www.uscirf.gov/images/AR2009/final%20ar2009%20with%20cover.pdf), May 2009, pp. 74-76; Amnesty International (online), “Uighur Ethnic Identity Under Threat in China” (www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA17/010/2009/en/e952496e-57bb-48eb-9741-e6b7fed2a7d4/asa170102009en.pdf), Apr. 2009; AI (online), “2009 Annual Report for China” (www.amnestyusa.org/annualreport.php?id=ar&yr=2009&c=CHN). [all describing political, religious, and cultural repression].

[2] See eg., U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (USCECC) (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, pp. 243-248, 253-254, 256-258 (citing sources); Amnesty International (online), “Uighur Ethnic Identity Under Threat in China” (www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA17/010/2009/en/e952496e-57bb-48eb-9741-e6b7fed2a7d4/asa170102009en.pdf), Apr. 2009, 1st-2nd pages; USCECC (online), “Annual Report 2008” http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_hearings&docid=f:45233.pdf), Oct. 31, 2008, pp. 168-169, 171, 172 (citing sources).

[3] See eg., U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, pp. 263-264 (citing sources); Human Rights Watch (online), “‘We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them’:  Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests” (www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/xinjiang1009webwcover.pdf), Oct. 2009, p. 9 (citing sources); Uyghur Human Rights Project, “Separate and Unequal:  The Status of Development in East Turkestan” http://uyghuramerican.org/docs/Sept-28-Separate-and-unequal.pdf) (published on Uyghur American Association’s website),  Sept. 28, 2009, pp. 5, 6 (citing sources); Amnesty International (online), “Uighur Ethnic Identity Under Threat in China” (www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA17/010/2009/en/e952496e-57bb-48eb-9741-e6b7fed2a7d4/asa170102009en.pdf), Apr. 2009, 4th page.

[4] See eg., Amnesty International (AI) (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China” (www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, pp. 5,6, 11-14, 27; Al (online), “China:  Further Information:  Nine Executed in China” (Urgent Action) (www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA17/063/2009/en/97062c40-0d64-4f75-a209-ed8de6a7a393/asa170632009en.html), Nov. 11, 2009; U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 249 (citing sources); Human Rights Watch (online), “China:  ‘We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them’:  Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests” (www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/xinjiang1009webwcover.pdf), Oct. 2009, pp. 9-11 (citing sources). 

[5] See Amnesty International (AI) (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China”
(www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, pp. 5, 13-14; Uyghur Human Rights Project (online), “Can Anyone Hear Us?:  Voices from the 2009 Unrest in Urumchi:  A Report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project” (www.uyghuramerican.org/articles/4747/1/Can-Anyone-Hear-Us-Voices-From-The-2009-Unrest-In-Urumchi-/index.html) (pdf follows download), July 2009, pp. 27-30; AI (online), “Stop Human Rights Violations Against Uighurs” (www.amnesty.org/en/campaigns/activists/issues/stop-human-rights-violations-against-uighurs-china), Feb. 5, 2010; U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 249 (citing sources); Statement by Ms. Rebiya Kadeer, Uyghur democracy leader at the National Press Club on July 20, 2009, “Unrest in East Turkestan:  What China Is Not Telling the Media”
(www.uyghuramerican.org//articles/3304/1/Unrest-in-East-Turkestan-What-China-is-Not-Telling-the-Media/index.html) (published on the Uyghur American Association’s website on July 20, 2009) (referring to witness accounts that Uyghurs in the region gave in phone calls to the Uyghur American Association and other Uyghur organizations); “Urumqi Tense, Quiet After Violence” (www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/riots-07052009153209.html?searchterm=None), Radio Free Asia (RFA) (online), July 5, 2009 (updated July 6, 2009).

[6] See Amnesty International (AI) (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China”
(www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, pp. 5, 13-14; AI, “Urgent Action:  20 April 2010:  Further information on UA 336/09 (15 December 2009):  Risk of torture/incommunicado detention:  China:  Noor-Ul-Islam Sherbaz (m), aged 18” (Urgent Action) (www.amnestyusa.org/actioncenter/actions/uaa33609.pdf) (published on Amnesty International USA’s website), Apr. 20, 2010; AI (online), “Stop Human Rights Violations Against Uighurs” (www.amnesty.org/en/campaigns/activists/issues/stop-human-rights-violations-against-uighurs-china), Feb. 5, 2010.

[7] See id. 

[8] See U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 249 (citing sources).

[9] See id.; Amnesty International (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China”
(www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, p. 13.

[10] See Uyghur Human Rights Project (online), “Can Anyone Hear Us?:  Voices from the 2009 Unrest in Urumchi:  A Report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project” (http://docs.uyghuramerican.org/Can-Anyone-Hear-Us.pdf), July 2010, pp. 27-30;  U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 249 (citing Radio Free Asia reports); Statement by Ms. Rebiya Kadeer, Uyghur democracy leader at the National Press Club on July 20, 2009, “Unrest in East Turkestan:  What China Is Not Telling the Media”
(www.uyghuramerican.org//articles/3304/1/Unrest-in-East-Turkestan-What-China-is-Not-Telling-the-Media/index.html) (published on the Uyghur American Association’s website on July 20, 2009) (referring to witness accounts that Uyghurs in the region gave in phone calls to the Uyghur American Association and other Uyghur organizations); Wen Jing, “Chinese Police Shoot Uighur Protesters in Xinjiang” (www.theepochtimes.com/n2/content/view/19166/), The Epoch Times (online), July 6, 2009;  “Urumqi Tense, Quiet After Violence” (www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/riots-07052009153209.html?searchterm=None), Radio Free Asia (RFA) (online), July 5, 2009 (updated July 6, 2009).

[11] See Amnesty International (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China” (www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, pp. 14-18 (citing sources); Uyghur Human Rights Project (online), “Can Anyone Hear Us?:  Voices from the 2009 Unrest in Urumchi:  A Report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project” (www.uyghuramerican.org/articles/4747/1/Can-Anyone-Hear-Us-Voices-From-The-2009-Unrest-In-Urumchi-/index.htm) (pdf follows download), July 2009, pp. 30-32 (citing eyewitness accounts); Statement by Ms. Rebiya Kadeer, Uyghur democracy leader at the National Press Club on July 20, 2009, “Unrest in East Turkestan:  What China Is Not Telling the Media” (www.uyghuramerican.org//articles/3304/1/Unrest-in-East-Turkestan-What-China-is-Not-Telling-the-Media/index.html) (published on the Uyghur American Association’s website on July 20, 2009) [citing Edward Wong, “China Says Its Forces Killed 12 in Xinjiang” (www.nytimes.com/2009/07/21/world/asia/21china.html?_r=2&hpw), The New York Times (online), July 20, 2009 (citing/quoting witnesses in Urumchi); “Witnesses Describe Two-Way Violence” (www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/witnesses-07172009121028.html), Radio Free Asia (RFA) (online), July 17, 2009 (citing/quoting witnesses in Urumchi)].  See generally, U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRp.t2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 249 (noting that there were attacks and citing sources).

[12] See U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 250 (citing sources) (regarding mass arrests); Human Rights Watch (HRW) (online), “China:  ‘We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them’:  Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests”
(www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/10/22/we-are-afraid-even-look-them), Oct. 2009, pp. 21-32 (citing sources) (regarding mass arrests and enforced disappearances).

[13] See U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (USCECC) (online), “198 People in Xinjiang Reportedly Sentenced in Trials Marked by Lack of Transparency” (Commission Analysis) (www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=137197), posted on Apr. 21, 2010; Human Rights Watch (HRW) (online), “China:  Xinjiang Trials Deny Justice:  Proceedings Fail Minimum Fair Trial Standards” (www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/10/15/china-xinjiang-trials-deny-justice), Oct. 15, 2009; USCECC (online), “Annual Report 2009” (www.cecc.gov/pages/annualRpt/annualRpt09/CECCannRpt2009.pdf), Oct. 10, 2009, p. 251 (citing sources); HRW (online), “China:  ‘We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them’:  Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests” (www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/10/22/we-are-afraid-even-look-them), Oct. 2009, p. 19-20 (citing sources); USCECC (online), “Detentions Continue, Official Pledges Death Penalty for Perpetrators” (Commission Analysis) (www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=125931), posted on Aug. 6, 2009 (citing sources).

[14] See id.; Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, “2009 Human Rights Report:  China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau)” (www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135989.htm), Mar. 11, 2010; Amnesty International (online), “China:  Further Information:  Nine Executed in China” (Urgent Action) (www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA17/063/2009/en/97062c40-0d64-4f75-a209-ed8de6a7a393/asa170632009en.html), Nov. 11, 2009. 

[15] See U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China (USCECC) (online), “Internet Available in Xinjiang, But Controls Over Information Remain” (Commission Analysis) (www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=143705), posted on Aug. 19, 2010; USCECC (online), “Xinjiang Court Imposes Prison Sentences on Uyghur Journalists and Webmasters” (Commission Analysis) (www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=144798), posted on Aug. 19, 2010 (citing reports from Amnesty International, Radio Free Asia, and the Uyghur American Association); “Uyghur Web Moderators Get Life” (www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/sentence-08082010190802.html), Radio Free Asia (online), Aug. 8, 2010; Committee to Protect Journalists (online), “China Sets Prison Terms for 3 Uighur Web Managers” (http://cpj.org/2010/08/china-sets-prison-terms-for-3-uighur-web-managers.php), Aug. 2, 2010; Reporters Without Borders for Press Freedom (online), “Jail terms for three Uyghur webmasters accused of jeopardising state security” (http://en.rsf.org/china-uyghur-journalist-and-website-24-07-2010,38016.html), Aug. 2, 2010; Reporters Without Borders for Press Freedom (online), “Uyghur Journalist and Website Editor Sentenced to Fifteen Years in Jail” (http://en.rsf.org/china-uyghur-journalist-and-website-24-07-2010,38016.html), Aug. 2, 2010; Amnesty International (AI) (online), “China Convicts Uighur Web Managers on State Security Charges” (www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/china-convicts-uighur-web-managers-state-security-charges-2010-07-30), July 30, 2010; Andrew Jacobs, “China Imprisons 3 Men Who Maintained Uighur Web Sites” (www.nytimes.com/2010/07/31/world/asia/31china.html?_r=1), The New York Times (online), July 30, 2010; Freedom House (online), “Journalist’s Sentencing Signals Continued Suppression of Uighurs” (www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=70&release=1214) (press release), July 26, 2010; Malcolm Moore, “China Sentences Uighur to 15 Years in Prison for Talking to Foreigners” (www.telegraph.co.uk/news/7909689/China-sentences-Uighur-to-15-years-in-prison-for-talking-to-foreigners.html), Telegraph.co.uk, July 25, 2010; Alexa Oleson, “China Sentences Uighur Writer to 15 Years in Jail” (www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gSjMTGA_93sjHUt2y3ACaI8ak7vQD9H4P8FG0), Associated Press (published on Google), July 24, 2010; AI (online), “China Sentences Uighur Journalist to 15-Year Prison Term” (www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/china-sentences-uighur-journalist-15-year-prison-term-2010-07-23), July 23, 2010; Tania Branigan, “China jails writer for 15 years for ‘endangering state security’” (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jul/25/writer-jailed-15-years), guardian.co.uk, July 23, 2010; AI (online), “Justice, Justice:  The July 2009 Protests in Xinjiang, China” (www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/report/new-testimonies-reinforce-call-china-investigate-xinjiang-riots-2010-07-02) (pdf follows download), July 2, 2010, p. 25 (citing sources); “Uyghur’s Release Sought” (www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/gheyret-niyaz-03252010154625.html), Radio Free Asia (online), Mar. 25, 2010; USCECC (online), “Xinjiang Government Issues Internet Regulation, Keeps Strict Control on Information” (Commission Analysis) (www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=130352), posted on Dec. 8, 2009 (citing sources).