Patigul and Mahmut Sabir

Presumed Released

Detained in December 2009 for trying to organize a demonstration; charges against them – if any – unknown.

According to Radio Free Asia (RFA), public security officers in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, detained seven Uyghurs, including a woman named Patigul and man named Mahmut Sabir, on 25 December 2009, as they tried to apply to the government to hold a demonstration.

The group reportedly consisted of family members of people held in detention in connection to demonstrations and riots in Urumqi in July 2009, and the group planned to demonstrate before a court to express their discontent with the handling of cases related to the July 2009 events, including death sentences that had been handed down.

Four of the seven people detained were last known to be held within Tianshan district, Urumqi, while the whereabouts of the other three were unknown.

Further information, including information on their release dates, is not available.

Sources:

Radio Free Asia (RFA), Ürümchide namayishqa iltimas sunghan 7 uyghur tutqun qilinghan, 29 December 09, available at: http://www.rfamobile.org/uyghur/xewerler/qisqa_xewerler/urumchide-yengi-tutqun-12292009180012.html?encoding=latin

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Entry for “Patigul” in Political Prisoner Database (CECC Record Number:  2010-00367), available at: http://ppd.cecc.gov/QueryResultsDetail.aspx?PrisonerNum=8080

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Entry for “Mahmut Sabir” in Political Prisoner Database (CECC Record Number:  2010-00368), available at: http://ppd.cecc.gov/QueryResultsDetail.aspx?PrisonerNum=8081

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Tursunjan Hesen

Detained in July 2009 for “revealing state secrets and endangering state security”; sentence against him – if any – unknown.

According to Radio Free Asia, authorities in Dadamtu township, Ghulja (Yining), Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, detained Tursunjan Hesen (Hasan Tursunjan) on 2 July 2009 and reportedly accused him of revealing state secrets and endangering state security, after he had given interviews to overseas media about a case involving his daughter, Arzigul Tursun.

In 2008, local authorities in the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture had announced plans to force Arzigul, who was six months pregnant with her third child, to undergo an abortion after she was unable to pay a 45,000 yuan (US $6,591) fine for exceeding the number of children permitted under the region’s population planning regulation.  Arzigul escaped from the local hospital to which she had been forcibly taken for the abortion, but the authorities tracked her down and took her to a larger hospital.

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Other Uyghur Website Staff Detained after 5 July 2009

Other Uyghur website staff who have been detained in the aftermath of the July 2009 incidents include but are not limited to: Diyarim contributors Obulqasim, Xeyrinisa (Heyrinisa) and Xalnur (Halnur), both university students, and Erkin, a university professor, who were all arrested on 7 August 2009 in Urumqi. Also Diyarim administrators known by the pen names “Muztagh,” “Lükchek,” and “Yanchuqchi” and Salkin administrator Muhemmet were reportedly arrested.

The Chinese authorities had accused Diyarim, along with other Uyghur-language websites, of helping to foment the unrest because messages had been posted on these websites about the Uyghur demonstration planned for 5 July 2009 in Urumqi. These individuals were detained in the midst of the detention of many other Uyghur website staff.

It is unclear if they have been tried and sentenced. Their whereabouts are unknown.

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Uyghur Political Prisoners

This section provides an overview on cases of Uyghur political prisoners that are known to the public. However, the real number is likely to be much higher, but due to the restrictions imposed by the Chinese authorities to reveal details on imprisoned Uyghurs, it is impossible to determine the exact number.

Jailed Uyghur Professors, Writers, Journalists and Webmasters

  1. Ilham Tohti (life imprisonment)
  2. Gheyret Niyaz (15 years in prison)
  3. Gulmira Imin (life imprisonment) along with another four Uyghur website moderators
  4. Ekbar Eset (unknown)
  5. Memetjan Abdulla (life imprisonment)
  6. Memet Turghun Abdulla (unknown)
  7. Nijat Azat (10 years in prison)
  8. Tursunjan Hezim (7 years in prison)
  9. Tursunjan Muhemmet Marshal (unknown)
  10. Other Uyghur Website Staff Detained after 5 July 2009

Charges Related to Freedom of Speech

  1. Ababekri Ömer (6 years in prison)
  2. Abduhelil Zunun (20 years in prison)
  3. Abdulla Jamal (unknown)
  4. Abdughani Imin and Obulkasim Abliz (13 and 15 years in prison)
  5. Abdukerim Mettersun (unknown)
  6. Ablimit Ghoja’Abdulla (unknown)
  7. Ekberjan Jamal (10 years in prison)
  8. Halmurat Imin (unknown)
  9. Isa Husen (12 years in prison)
  10. Mamatali Ahat (8 years in prison)
  11. Nurhahmat Yusup (20 years in prison)
  12. Niyaz Kahar (unknown)
  13. Omerjan Hasan (Hesen) (unknown)
  14. Tursunjan Hesen (unknown)

Charges Related to Freedom of Association

  1. Abdukadir Mahsum(15 years in prison)
  2. Miradil Yasin and Mutellip Teyip (unknown)
  3. Musha Yushan (unknown)
  4. Omer Akchi (life imprisonment)

Religious Charges

  1. Abdukerim Abduweli (unknown)
  2. Abdusemet Qarihaji (20 years in prison)
  3. Adil Qarim (life imprisonment)
  4. Akemanjiang (unknown)
  5. Ali Ablat (10 years in prison)
  6. Ghojaexmet Niyaz (6 years in prison)
  7. Imam Sulayman (2 years in prison)
  8. Memet Réhim and Memet Sidiq (unknown)
  9. Merdan Seyitakhun, Qurbanjan Abdusemet and another 10 Uyghur Men (various)
  10. Nurtay Memet (5 years in prison)
  11. Perhatjan (unknown)
  12. Qahar Mensur and Muhemmed Tursun (3 years in prison)
  13. Yusufjan and Memetjan (unknown)

Unknown Charges

  1. Ehsan Ismail (life imprisonment)

Reeducation Through Labour (RTL)

  1. Sirajidin Eziz, Nurabla Nurmemet, Abla Ablikim, Eli Hapiz, Ahmet Osman, Ablet Abdurehim, and Omer Salih (16-24 months)

Death in Detention

  1. Noor-Ul-Islam Sherbaz (life imprisonment; died in Nov. 2011 following allegations of abuse and torture)
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Alim Abdureyim

Released

Sentenced to 7 years in prison for “tax evasion”.

According to Xinhua, the Tianshan District People’s Court imposed a seven-year prison sentence and fine of RMB 500,000 (USD 62,500) on Alim Abdureyim, a son of Rebiya Kadeer, and imposed a fine on her son Kahar Abdureyim on 27 November 2006 for tax evasion.

The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) reported the court tried the pair on 27 October 2006. According to UHRP, authorities formally arrested Alim, Kahar, and their brother Ablikim on 14 June 2006, and formally indicted Ablikim on 14 July 2006 for subverting state power, and Alim and Kahar for tax evasion. Chinese media reported that authorities first placed Alim and Ablikim in criminal detention on 1 June 2006. Authorities first took Kahar into custody on 13 June 2006.

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Ablikim Abdureyim

Released 31 May 2017

Sentenced to 9 years in prison and three years deprivation of political rights for “instigating and engaging in secessionist activities”

According to Chinese state media Xinhua, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court sentenced Ablikim Abdureyim, a son of Rebiya Kadeer, to 9 years in prison and three years deprivation of political rights on 17 April 2007, for “instigating and engaging in secessionist activities.”

According to the Uyghur American Association (UAA), the court reportedly tried Ablikim, who was not given the right to legal representation of his choice and his family was unable to attend the trial, on 22 January 2007. Abdiriyim’s family says that his “confession” was likely to have been made under torture. The verdict alleged he disseminated pro-secession articles, planned to incite anti-government protest, and wrote an essay misrepresenting human rights conditions in Xinjiang.

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Gheyret Niyaz

Sentenced in July 2010 to 15 years of prison for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

Gheyret Niyaz (Hailaiti Niyazi), born in 1959, a Uyghur journalist in Urumqi, was taken from his home on 1 October 2009. His family was told by the police on 4 October that he was under suspicion for endangering state security and that he had been detained because he had “given too many media interviews”.

On 23 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court sentenced him in a one-day trial to 15 years’ imprisonment for endangering state security (ESS), according to an interview with Niyaz’s wife, Risalet, reported on uighurbiz.net, where Niyaz was an administrator. He was denied legal representation of his choosing and due process, and his trial was conducted against a background of intense politicization.

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Dilshat Perhat

Released

Sentenced in July 2010 to 5 years’ imprisonment for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

On 23 or 24 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court, East Turkestan, sentenced three Uyghur Webmasters, Dilshat Perhat (administrator of the Diyarim Website), Nureli Obul (Selkin Website), and Nijat Azat (Shabnam Website), to 5, 3, and 10 years’ imprisonment, respectively, for endangering state security.

Sources connected the cases said they were sentenced for not deleting postings about hardships in East Turkestan and, in one instance, permitting the posting of announcements for a demonstration in Urumqi in July 2009.

Dilshat’s brother, Dilmurat Perhat, another webmaster of Diyarim who currently resides in the US, told  the Uyghur American Association (UAA) (www.uyghuramerican.org) that his brother Dilshat had repeatedly deleted postings on Diyarim’s message board that advertised the peaceful protest planned for July 5, 2009 in Urumqi and that Dilshat had contacted the Chinese police multiple times to inform them about the postings.  Dilmurat further told UAA that Dilshat had told him that the police had responded that he should not worry as they knew about the plans for the demonstration.

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