Alim Abdureyim

Released

Sentenced to 7 years in prison for “tax evasion”.

According to Xinhua, the Tianshan District People’s Court imposed a seven-year prison sentence and fine of RMB 500,000 (USD 62,500) on Alim Abdureyim, a son of Rebiya Kadeer, and imposed a fine on her son Kahar Abdureyim on 27 November 2006 for tax evasion.

The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) reported the court tried the pair on 27 October 2006. According to UHRP, authorities formally arrested Alim, Kahar, and their brother Ablikim on 14 June 2006, and formally indicted Ablikim on 14 July 2006 for subverting state power, and Alim and Kahar for tax evasion. Chinese media reported that authorities first placed Alim and Ablikim in criminal detention on 1 June 2006. Authorities first took Kahar into custody on 13 June 2006.

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Ablikim Abdureyim

Released 31 May 2017

Sentenced to 9 years in prison and three years deprivation of political rights for “instigating and engaging in secessionist activities”

According to Chinese state media Xinhua, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court sentenced Ablikim Abdureyim, a son of Rebiya Kadeer, to 9 years in prison and three years deprivation of political rights on 17 April 2007, for “instigating and engaging in secessionist activities.”

According to the Uyghur American Association (UAA), the court reportedly tried Ablikim, who was not given the right to legal representation of his choice and his family was unable to attend the trial, on 22 January 2007. Abdiriyim’s family says that his “confession” was likely to have been made under torture. The verdict alleged he disseminated pro-secession articles, planned to incite anti-government protest, and wrote an essay misrepresenting human rights conditions in Xinjiang.

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Gheyret Niyaz

Sentenced in July 2010 to 15 years of prison for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

Gheyret Niyaz (Hailaiti Niyazi), born in 1959, a Uyghur journalist in Urumqi, was taken from his home on 1 October 2009. His family was told by the police on 4 October that he was under suspicion for endangering state security and that he had been detained because he had “given too many media interviews”.

On 23 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court sentenced him in a one-day trial to 15 years’ imprisonment for endangering state security (ESS), according to an interview with Niyaz’s wife, Risalet, reported on uighurbiz.net, where Niyaz was an administrator. He was denied legal representation of his choosing and due process, and his trial was conducted against a background of intense politicization.

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Dilshat Perhat

Released

Sentenced in July 2010 to 5 years’ imprisonment for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

On 23 or 24 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court, East Turkestan, sentenced three Uyghur Webmasters, Dilshat Perhat (administrator of the Diyarim Website), Nureli Obul (Selkin Website), and Nijat Azat (Shabnam Website), to 5, 3, and 10 years’ imprisonment, respectively, for endangering state security.

Sources connected the cases said they were sentenced for not deleting postings about hardships in East Turkestan and, in one instance, permitting the posting of announcements for a demonstration in Urumqi in July 2009.

Dilshat’s brother, Dilmurat Perhat, another webmaster of Diyarim who currently resides in the US, told  the Uyghur American Association (UAA) (www.uyghuramerican.org) that his brother Dilshat had repeatedly deleted postings on Diyarim’s message board that advertised the peaceful protest planned for July 5, 2009 in Urumqi and that Dilshat had contacted the Chinese police multiple times to inform them about the postings.  Dilmurat further told UAA that Dilshat had told him that the police had responded that he should not worry as they knew about the plans for the demonstration.

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Nureli Obul

Sentenced in July 2010 to 3 years’ imprisonment for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

On 23 or 24 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court, East Turkestan, sentenced three Uyghur Webmasters, Dilshat Perhat (administrator of the Diyarim Website), Nureli Obul (Selkin Website), and Nijat Azat (Shabnam Website), to 5, 3, and 10 years’ imprisonment, respectively, for endangering state security.

Sources connected the cases said they were sentenced for not deleting postings about hardships in East Turkestan and, in one instance, permitting the posting of announcements for a demonstration in Urumqi in July 2009.

Unidentified men in Urumqi took Dilshat Perhat (age at detention: 27) from his home on 7 August 2009. Authorities earlier interrogated him from 24 July to 2 August 2009 in connection to the demonstration and riots in Urumqi. Nijat Azat and Nureli Obul are also believed to have been detained then.

According to his brother, Dilshat Perhat is serving his sentence in the Changji Prison in Changji City, XUAR (about 40km from Urumqi). He receives family visits every 1-2 month for around 20 minutes.

The location at which Nureli Obul and Nijat Azat are serving their sentences is unknown.

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Nijat Azat

Sentenced in July 2010 to 10 years’ imprisonment for “Endangering State Security (ESS)”

On 23 or 24 July 2010, the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court, East Turkestan, sentenced three Uyghur Webmasters, Dilshat Perhat (administrator of the Diyarim Website), Nureli Obul (Selkin Website), and Nijat Azat (Shabnam Website), to 5, 3, and 10 years’ imprisonment, respectively, for endangering state security.

Sources connected the cases said they were sentenced for not deleting postings about hardships in East Turkestan and, in one instance, permitting the posting of announcements for a demonstration in Urumqi in July 2009.

Unidentified men in Urumqi took Dilshat Perhat (age at detention: 27) from his home on 7 August 2009. Authorities earlier interrogated him from 24 July to 2 August 2009 in connection to the demonstration and riots in Urumqi. Nijat Azat and Nureli Obul are also believed to have been detained then.

According to his brother, Dilshat Perhat is serving his sentence in the Changji Prison in Changji City, XUAR (about 40km from Urumqi). He receives family visits every 1-2 month for around 20 minutes.

The location at which Nureli Obul and Nijat Azat are serving their sentences is unknown.

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Mehbube Ablesh

Released

Sentenced in August 2008 to three years in prison for “inciting splittism.”

According to Radio Free Asia, Mehbube Ablesh (born in 1979), a Uyghur employee in the advertising department at the Xinjiang People’s Radio Station in Urumqi was fired from her job in August 2008 and placed in detention, in apparent connection to her criticism of Chinese government policy in the region.

At that time, charges against her and subsequent information on the case remained unknown. A co-worker connected the detention to articles she wrote for the Internet. An overseas source said that in her communications with him

, she had been critical of political leaders in the XUAR and had criticized Mandarin-focused language policies in the region. A source also noted she had posted articles on the Internet that criticized government security measures for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games and government handling of collecting donations from Uyghurs following the May 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Following the detention, charges against Mehbube Ablesh and subsequent information on the case appeared unknown until summer 2010, when the Dui Hua Foundation reported newly obtained information on her case. Based on responses to a request for information from Chinese authorities, the Dui Hua Foundation reported that Mehbube Ablesh (identified as Mehbube Abrak in the report) was serving a three-year prison sentence for “splittism” (separatism), a crime under Article 103 of China’s Criminal Law, in apparent connection to her criticism of Chinese government policies. The date of Mehbube Ablesh’s sentencing is not known. Given the relatively short length of the sentence and circumstances of the case, Dui Hua conjectures that the full charge could be “inciting splittism,” rather than “splittism,” a more serious crime.

She was serving her sentence in the Xinjiang Women’s Prison (Xinjiang No. 2 Prison) in Urumqi.

Under Article 47 of China’s Criminal Law, each day in custody counts as one day served of a prison sentence. Although the precise date of Mehbube Ablesh’s detention is not known, if authorities followed the law in calculating her sentence from the day around August 2008 when she appears to have been detained, her sentence would have expired on the same date in 2011. However, it is unknown whether she has been released or not.

She is an honorary member of the Independent Chinese PEN and the Uyghur PEN (www.uyghurpen.org).

Sources:

Committee to protect Journalists (CPJ), Imprisoned Journalists in 2010, 1 December 2010, available at: http://www.cpj.org/imprisoned/2010.php#china

Dui Hua Foundation‘s summer 2010 Dialogue Newsletter, Official Responses to Uyghur Prisoner List Reveal Information on Unique Cases, available at: http://www.duihua.org/work/publications/nl/dialogue/nl_txt/nl40/nl40_3a.htm

International PEN, Uighur journalist and writer detained, 2008, available at:  http://www.pen.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/2891/prmID/1691

Radio Free Asia (RFA), Uyghur Radio Worker Sacked, Detained, 08 September 2008, available at: http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/radio-09082008141404.html?searchterm=None

Radio Free Asia (RFA), Tutqun mehbube ablesh heqqide toluqlima melumatlar, 8 September 2008, available at: http://www.rfa.org/uyghur/xewerler/tepsili_xewer/mehbube-ablesh-turmide2-09082008205116.html/story_main?encoding=latin

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Entry for “Mehbube Ablesh” in Political Prisoner Database (CECC Record Number:  2008-00545), available at: http://ppd.cecc.gov/QueryResultsDetail.aspx?PrisonerNum=7043

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, New Information Released on Uyghur Political Prisoners Mehbube Ablesh and Omer Akchi, Commission Analysis, 11 October 2010, available at: http://www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=146218

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Uyghur Political Prisoners Mehbube Ablesh’s and Abdulghani Memetemin’s Prison Sentences Expire, 18 October 2011, available at: http://www.cecc.gov/pages/virtualAcad/index.phpd?showsingle=163986

[Last updated: November 2011]

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Tursunjan Hezim

Sentenced in July 2010 to 7 years of prison; charges unknown.

According to Radio Free Asia (6 March 11), public security officials in Aksu district, East Turkestan, detained Tursunjan Hezim, a Uyghur man who administered the Uyghur Web site Orkhun, in early July 2009, after demonstrations and riots occurred in Xinjiang starting on July 5. His whereabouts were unknown until March 2011. The Aksu Intermediate People’s Court reportedly held a closed trial and sentenced Tursunjan Hezim in July 2010 to seven years’ imprisonment. Information on the precise date of the sentence and the charges against him is not available. A source familiar with the case said authorities told Tursunjan Hezim’s family about the sentence but did not inform them of the charges.

His website Orkhun focused on Uyghur history and culture and was among several sites that had Bulletin Board Services temporarily shut down during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and that were closed down after the July 2009 events. The website, named after the homeland of ethnic Uyghurs’ Turkic ancestors, had published mostly scholarly articles about Uyghur culture and history.  Aside from his research activities, Hezim also participated in online discussions on Uyghur websites such as Uyghur Online and Bostan under the pen name Yawuz.

Amnesty International condemned this sentence, saying that “[t]his trial is typical of the way the Chinese government has worked in secrecy to persecute Uighurs in China for peaceful expression of their views. If Hezim faces recognizably criminal charges, the Chinese government should put him on trial with due process. Otherwise, he should be released immediately.”

Information is not available on the location where he is serving his sentence.

Sources:

Amnesty International “Chinese crackdown on Uighur writers continues as web editor jailed” (http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/chinese-crackdown-uighur-writers-continues-web-editor-jailed-2011-03-07), 7 March 2011

U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Entry for “Tursunjan Hezim” in Political Prisoner Database (CECC Record Number:  2011-00234), available at: http://ppd.cecc.gov/QueryResultsDetail.aspx?PrisonerNum=8728

Radio Free Asia (RFA), Uyghur Historian Given 7 Years, 6 March 2011, available at: http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/tursunjanhezim-03062011164000.html

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Uighur website editor sentenced in secret in China, 10 March 2011,  http://www.cpj.org/2011/03/uighur-website-editor-sentenced-in-secret-in-china.php

World Uyghur Congress (WUC) Press Release, WUC Condemns 15-year Sentence Handed Down to Uyghur Journalist and Website Editor Gheyret Niyaz, 24 July 2010, available at: http://www.uyghurcongress.org/en/?p=3468

[Last updated: October 2011]

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