Uyghur Homeland, Chinese Frontier: The Xinjiang Work Forum and Centrally Led Development

UHRP, 27 June 2012

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UHRP – A new 37-page report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) examines the effects of the Xinjiang Work Forum, held in May 2010, which heralded an unprecedented state-led development push in East Turkestan. In this report, co-launched with the Unrepresented Nations and People’s Organization (UNPO), UHRP strives to provide an overview of the nature of development policies put in place in the two years since the Work Forum. Uyghur Homeland, Chinese Frontier: The Xinjiang Work Forum and Centrally Led Development considers the consequences of development that is mandated by leaders in Beijing in a region Uyghurs view as their home but Chinese view as territory vitally important to the economic growth of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

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Vanishing Vulnerable Voices: Four Years of Impunity Cases of Enforced Disappearances of Civilians in East Turkestan

WUC, 15 July 2013

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On July 5th, 2009, demonstrations erupted in the streets of Urumqi, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of People’s Republic of China (PRC). These demonstrations stem from anger by Uyghurs who claim they are discriminated against by Chinese authorities. The protests initially began peacefully as demonstrators called for a full investigation into an incident in Shaoguan, Southern China several days earlier in which two Uyghurs had been killed.1 The peaceful protests then escalated into violent attacks between Uyghurs and Han Chinese later that day, in which many Uyghurs and Han Chinese needlessly lost their lives or were left injured as a result of the ensuing violence, notwithstanding the many buildings that were destroyed.

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Conference Report: China’s Nuclear Programme in East Turkestan and Its Impacts Today

World Uyghur Congress, May 2012

The World Uyghur Congress (WUC) jointly with the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) have released their report on the conference held at the European Parliament, Brussels, on 29 February 2012, entitled ’50 Years After Test 596: China’s Nuclear Programme in East Turkestan and its Impacts Today’.

The conference was organised by the offices of MEP’s László Tőkés, Kristiina Ojuland and Vytautas Landsbergis, as well as in collaboration with the World Uyghur Congress and the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.

László Tőkés MEP concluded at the end of the conference by pledging that when a delegation of MEPs visit China later in 2012 that they will, “insist on finding facts and new information… about East Turkestan and Tibet”, especially in regards to the Lop Nur nuclear tests that continue to devestate Uyghurs.

The conference report can be downloaded here.

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Living on the Margins: The Chinese State’s Demolition of Uyghur Communities

Uyghur Human Rights Project, 2 April 2012

UHRP – This report documents the Chinese state’s top-down destruction of Uyghur communities in Kashgar and throughout East Turkestan, in a targeted and highly politicized push that Chinese officials have accelerated in the wake of turbulent unrest in the region in 2009. The destruction of Uyghur neighborhoods has resulted in the loss of both physical structures, including Uyghur homes, shops and religious sites, and patterns of traditional Uyghur life that cannot be replicated in the new, heavily-monitored apartment blocks where many have been forcibly relocated. This report does not discount the importance of providing modern structural amenities to Uyghurs.

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2012 Annual Report U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, 20 March 2012 

USCIRF — The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), a federal government commission that monitors global religious freedom, released its 2012 Annual Report on 20 March 2012 and recommended that the Secretary of State name the following nations “countries of particular concern” or CPCs: Burma, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Iran, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam.

According to the USCIRF, in China conditions for Tibetan Buddhists and Uighur Muslims are the worst in decades and in the past year, Beijing has stepped up its crackdown on Protestants and Catholics.

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Reporters without Borders: “Internet Enemies 2011″

Reporters without Borders, 12 March 2012

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Reporters without Borders — As in 2011, China is again one of the worst internet enemies in the world, according to Reporters Without Borders. In regard to China, the report “Enemies of the Internet” published on 12 March 2012 explains how during the last year the country reinforced its technical capacity and stepped up pressure on privately owned Internet companies in order to secure their collaboration.

As other countries in the list, China combines often drastic content filtering with access restrictions, tracking of cyber-dissidents and online propaganda. In the wake of the Arab spring China reinforced online contents filtering in order to avoid similar events to take place inside the country. Moreover, China pays bloggers to post messages endorsed by the party. It can rely on a well-trained cyber police as well as on some 40,000 microblogs to spread propaganda messages.

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IFJ Asia-Pacific Report: China’s New Clampdown – Press Freedom in China 2011

International Federation of Journalists, 23 January 2012

International Federation of Journalists — The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) initiated a program in early 2008 to monitor and report on press freedom and violations of media rights in China in the lead-up to the Olympic Games in Beijing in August 2008. The IFJ’s first annual report on press freedom in China, China’s Olympic Challenge, assessed the media environment through 2008 and, even as it noted many instances of infringements of journalists’ rights and media freedom, there was some optimism at year’s end that China was moving, even if slowly, toward a more free, safe and secure working environment for local and foreign journalists.

They highlight some of the most significant challenges faced by journalists and media workers operating in China, including Hong Kong and Macau.

Aside from outlining the situation for local and foreign journalists, this year’s report reflects a much more frustrating situation in China, with many journalists being sacked or forced to leave their original workplaces as the scent of the “Chinese Jasmine Revolution” spread from the Middle East to China in February 2011.

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WUC Booklet on Violation of Freedom of Expression in East Turkestan

WUC, November 2011

The booklet Violation of Freedom of Expression in East Turkestan published by the WUC in November 2011 provides an overview on the current status of freedom of expression for the Uyghur people.

After an introduction to the events of 5 July 2009 in Urumqi that lead to an increased crackdown on Uyghur freedom of expression, an overview on the Chinese legislation on freedom of expression, a description of the use of “Endangering State Security” (ESS) charges to silence peaceful Uyghur dissent, the current condition of freedom of speech and information in East Turkestan and China, and the effects of the “Jasmine Revolution” on Uyghurs, the booklet provides summaries on the cases of some of the Uyghurs imprisoned for exercising their right to freedom of expression, opinion, and speech. These cases include among others: Abdulghani Memetemin, Dilshat Perhat, Gheyret Niyaz, Gulmira Imin, Mehbube Ablesh, Memetjan Abdulla, Ablikim Abdureyim, Alim Abdureyim or Tursunjan Hesen.

The booklet can be downloaded here.

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