Xinjiang Court Offers First Indicator of State Security Stats for 2010

The Dui Hua Foundation, 20 January 2011

One of the ways we gauge the human rights situation in China is to look at the numbers of arrests and prosecutions for “endangering state security” (ESS) during the previous year. To this end, we pay close attention to statistics typically included by the heads of the Supreme People’s Court and Supreme People’s Procuratorate during the annual meeting of the National People’s Congress in March. Close analysis of these figures over many years give us a perspective from which we can identify trends and make judgments about whether things are getting more or less restrictive in China.

An early indication of which direction those trends might be heading comes from statements made by the president of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) Higher People’s Court, Rozi Ismail. According to the Xinhua News Agency, on January 16 Mr. Ismail announced that courts in the XUAR concluded 376 trials for ESS in 2010. This reflects a 16 percent drop compared to the 437 cases concluded in 2009 but remains more than 30 percent above the number reported in 2008. It is assumed that a crackdown against “splittism” following the deadly riots in Urumqi on July 5, 2009, is primarily responsible for the increase in ESS cases over the past two years.

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United States Must Support Cambodia & Uphold UN Refugee Convention

UNPO, 21 December 2010

The Hague, 21st December 2010 – Just over one year ago the United States Embassy in Phnom Penh stated it was “deeply concerned” about the welfare of twenty Uyghurs deported under the cover of night from Cambodia to China, but today their cases are almost forgotten.

The whereabouts of those twenty Uyghurs remains unknown amid longstanding and deep-rooted fears for their safety.  The Chinese government has disappeared these Uyghurs.  Moreover, Cambodia was fully aware prior to returning these Uyghurs that they would be subject to grave human rights violations upon their return.

In 2010 the United States and the Kingdom of Cambodia marked their 60th Anniversary of diplomatic relations amid messages of “peace, stability and development” from H.M. King Norodom Sihamoni and President Obama’s desire that “human rights, and strengthening democratic institutions” be a continuing feature of the relationship.

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One Year Anniversary of Cambodia’s Forcible Return of Uyghur Asylum Seekers – Rep. Rohrabacher Calls on Chinese Government to Disclose Whereabouts and Release

PRESS RELEASE – FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
17 December 2010
Contact:
Tara Setmayer
Communications Director
Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA)
Washington, DC, USA
Tel.: +1 202-225-2415

Washington, DC –December 19th, 2010 marks the one year anniversary of Cambodia’s forcible return of 20 Uyghur asylum seekers to China. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) has expressed concern that the Chinese government still has not disclosed the returnees’whereabouts and legal statuses or information about their well-being.

The plight of the Uyghurs is evidence of the brutish force of the Chinese dictatorship,” said Rohrabacher. “ I call on the Chinese government to immediately reveal these missing Uyghurs’ whereabouts and to unconditionally release them. The Chinese government has not produced any evidence that they have perpetrated any crimes recognized under international law or China’s domestic law.  We should know what has happened to them.”

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One Year Later, Whereabouts of Deported Uighurs Still Unknown

Press Release – FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
17 December 2010, Washington, USA
Contact: Mary McGuire, Freedom House,  +01 202-747-7035

Freedom Houses urges the Chinese government to reveal the whereabouts of 20 Uighurs deported from Cambodia one year ago. At the time of the deportation, Chinese officials promised to deal with the Uighurs in a transparent manner. However, a year later, no information has been released about their location or well-being.

On December 19, 2009, Cambodian authorities deported back to China 20 Uighurs who had been seeking asylum in Cambodia. Most members of the group, which included a woman and two children, had fled to Cambodia in October 2009, fearing persecution amid the Chinese security crackdown in Xinjiang in the aftermath of ethnic violence in July of that year. Chinese authorities accused the individuals of being involved in the violence that took place in Urumqi but have not provided evidence to support such claims. Rather, before being deported, several of the asylum seekers reportedly revealed details of violence committed by Chinese security forces against Uighurs, raising concerns that the Chinese authorities sought the Uighurs’ deportation to silence their eyewitness accounts.  Two days after the deportation, Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping visited Cambodia and concluded 14 deals with the Cambodian government worth approximately $1 billion.

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Cambodia: one year without answers

Jesuit Refugee Service
16 December 2010


The fate of 20 asylum seekers forcibly returned to China

Bangkok, 16 December 2010 – As the one-year anniversary approaches, JRS remembers the Uighur asylum seekers that we came to know well, and again we ask the question: what happened to them? What happened to the pregnant mother and her two children? What happened to the man who had already escaped years of torture at the hands of the Chinese authorities? What happened to each individual who was trying to start a new life in a safe country?

Last year, the Uighur asylum seekers were returned to China, a country where their lives were in danger. While they were in Cambodia, JRS staff worked with them, trying to protect their right to live safely. Since then, JRS can only assume that these friends have been executed, tortured or imprisoned.

“I would prefer to die than be returned to China” is what one Uighur man, who came to be friends with the JRS Cambodia staff, said before they were forcibly returned to China on 19 December 2009.

They arrived in Cambodia in small groups between May and October 2009, seeking asylum from the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) and the government from the persecution they said that they faced in China. Seeking asylum in a country that is a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, they presumed that they would have access to fair and transparent processing of their claims and that they would be safe from forced return.

They were wrong.

On 18 December 2009, they were abducted at gunpoint from a safe-house, jointly managed by the Cambodia authorities and UNHCR, where they had spent one night. The next day, the 20 Uighur asylum seekers, were deported via chartered plane back to China. JRS stood helpless, watching this plane take off in the dark from the Phnom Penh airport. The plane, along with the Uighur people, disappeared into the night.

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At a year of their disappearance, the Nonviolent Radical Party calls on international organizations to urge Beijing to disclose the whereabouts of the 20 Uyghurs deported from Cambodia to China

15 December 2010

For more information, contact:
Mr. Marco Perduca
Nonviolent Radical Party Transnational and Transparty (Rome, Italy), www.radicalparty.org
E-mail: marco.perduca@senato.it
Tel.: +393490815747

Statement by Senator Marco Perduca, co-vicepresident of the Nonviolent Radical Party and Treasurer of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization:

“In patent violations of international procedures, the Cambodian Government transferred on December 19 of last year 20 Uyghurs before the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) could make a determination about their refugee status.

Since then, as usual, China has rewarded Cambodia for her collaborative stance by signing an agreement two to provide US$1.2 billion in aid to Cambodia. Phnom Penh returned these Uyghurs to China knowing that they would encounter harsh prosecution from the State violating the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol to the Refugee Convention, of which it is a party.

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UNPO And MRG Host Conference At The United Nations Forum On Minority Issues

UNPO, 14 December 2010

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UNPO — The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization joined forces with Minority Rights Group International Tuesday to bring attention to widespread violations of minority rights through natural resource development projects.

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UNPO Joins Latest Call To Free Liu Xiaobo

UNPO, 10 December  2010

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UNPO — Today, we, a group of ten non-governmental organizations – Students for a Free Tibet, Human Rights in China, Amnesty International, Human Rights First, Human Rights Watch, International Campaign for Tibet, International Federation for Human Rights, Tibetan Youth Congress of New York & New Jersey, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, and the Uyghur American Association – congratulate the independent Chinese intellectual, scholar, and activist Liu Xiaobo for being awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize, and call on the Chinese government to release Liu from prison unconditionally.

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